Research & Publications

Research at CICJ focuses on legal, empirical and theoretical aspects of international crimes and international criminal justice. Building on both legal and criminological research tools, CICJ takes an interdisciplinary approach, focusing on the following three areas of research:

  1. How to map and measure the prevalence of international crimes
  2. How to explain the causes of these crimes
  3. How to tailor effective responses to these crimes

Each of the research projects below focuses on one or more of these aspects.

Breaking the Chain of Command

This PhD research aims at finding out how and why soldiers abstain/refrain from becoming war criminals after they have received orders to commit illegal acts. Read more→

Casuistry in International Criminal Law

This project focuses on judicial decision-making in the international criminal courts and tribunals. The research aims to provide further insights into the (distinguishing) character and scope of legal concepts… Read more →

Common Civility

This NWO-funded research project aims at accommodating and initiating a debate on cultural and legal pluralism and harmonization in the field of international criminal justice. Within the framework of this… Read more →

Corporations and International Crimes

Corporations often contribute significantly to the commission of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. The corporations and international crimes project aims at developing a theoretical framework for… Read more →

The Crime of Aggression: Consequences of Applying International Criminal Law to a Radically Indeterminate Concept

This PhD research, started in February 2010 and completed in December 2015, concerns the reasons for applying international law, and international criminal law in particular, to the notion of aggressive war in interstate relations, and the… Read more →

Criminal Careers of Dutch War Criminals

This PhD project aims at addressing and analyzing the life course of Dutch war criminals who were active in WWII. By means of a file analysis the criminal career before, during and after the Second World War… Read more →

Escaping Justice

War, conflict and authoritarian regimes create refugees. On the basis of Article 1F of the Refugee Convention countries are obliged to exclude persons from refugee protection when there are ‘serious reasons … Read more →

From Thought To Massacre: Incapacitating Foreign Terrorist Fighters Through Anticipatory Prosecutions

The foreign terrorist fighter (FTF) phenomenon is high on the agenda of Dutch law and policy makers. Fear of what FTFs might do abroad and upon return has resulted in the increased (call for) criminalization of preparatory conduct… Read more →

Human Evil

Moral consciousness (knowledge of good and evil) is an important part of the classical conception of human evil. The Human Evil Project tries to determine what the function of moral consciousness is in the… Read more →

Knowing What We Know Now: International Crimes in Historical Perspective

Historians argue that unfaithfulness to the categories used by people in the past or the attribution of a contemporary concept to a historical event are senseless. Considering past deeds like war crimes or crimes against…Read more →

Sanctions under the ICC’s Principle of Complementarity: Case Study of Colombia

This PhD research, funded by the NWO, aims to determine to what extent sanctioning is part of the ICC’s complementarity assessment, particularly during peace processes. Read more →

Vertical (In)consistency of International Sentencing

This NWO funded project aims to empirically evaluate to what extent  sentencing of international crimes by international criminal tribunals and domestic courts evolved into consistent practice and how any inconsistencies… Read more →

When Justice is Done: Life After Conviction or Acquittal

Perpetrators of international crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes are often denoted as “hostis humanis generis” – enemies of all mankind.  In the last decades, the international criminal… Read more →

The Wheel of Restoration

In this project I depart from the assumption that there are three basic ways of dealing with past injustice. First of all, we can try to forget the past; that is, to ignore or to deny what has happened, in a desire to establish… Read more →