Guest lecture Lindsay Freeman 16 March on the Berkeley protocol on OSINT

On Tuesday 16 March from 16:00-17:30 CET, Amsterdam Law and Technology Institute (ALTI) and CICJ welcome Lindsay Freeman for a guest lecture entitled ‘The Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations: Creating New Norms at the Interface of International Criminal Justice and Technology’.

Conflicts in the technology age generate large amounts of open source data, such as videos, social media posts, and satellite imagery, that can be used in international criminal and human rights courts and tribunals. One prominent example is the use of social media footage in the International Criminal Court’s arrest warrant of Mahmoud al-Werfall. The increased prevalence of this type of information has individuals, NGOs, academics, and international lawyers navigating relatively new and uncertain terrain. To respond to this changing investigatory landscape, on the 1st December 2020, the U.N Human Rights Office and Berkeley Law’s Human Rights Centre launched The Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations. 

In her presentation, Lindsay Freeman, lead drafter of the Protocol, will discuss the Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations, the process of drafting new norms and standards in investigating human rights atrocities, and the challenges of working at the forefront of international criminal justice and technology. 

Lindsay Freeman is the Director of Law and Policy for the Tech and Human Rights Program at the UC Berkeley Human Rights Center. Freeman is an international human rights lawyer with experience working at the International Criminal Court and the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia. She specializes in the use of technology, digital evidence and online investigations for justice and accountability purposes, particularly in the investigation and prosecution of high-level perpetrators of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Freeman led the drafting team of The Berkeley Protocol on Digital Open Source Investigations, an international protocol co-published by HRC and the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in December 2020. She also runs HRC’s professional workshops on open source investigations, and has provided training to numerous organizations including the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, UN Office of Drugs and Crime, and the Institute for International Criminal Investigations. She holds an Adv. LL.M. in public International Law from Leiden University, a J.D. from University of San Francisco School of Law and a B.A. in Political Science from Middlebury College.

The lecture will be held Tuesday 16 March, 16:00-17:30 CET via Zoom. For further details, please email Bethany Houghton: b.r.houghton [at]